Upper tract urothelial carcinoma: Ureteroscopic biopsy and specimen preparation

Demetrius H. Bagley, Ryuta Tanimoto, Kelly A. Healy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is relatively rare. Although urothelial carcinomas are the fourth most common tumor, most of these are located in the urinary lower urinary tract and upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for only 5 % of urothelial tumors and 8 % of renal tumors [1, 2]. In Western countries, the estimated annual incidence of UTUC is approximately 1-2 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The peak incidence occurs in people in their 70s and 80s and it is three times more prevalent in men than women. Concurrent bladder cancer is present in 8-13 % of cases. After treatment recurrent disease develops in the bladder in 15-50 % of UTUC tumor patients [3] (see Chap. 10). Tumors developed in the contralateral upper tract in 2-6 % of patients [4, 5].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUpper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783319138695
ISBN (Print)9783319138688
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Biopsy
  • Cytology
  • Tumor
  • Ureter
  • Ureteroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Upper tract urothelial carcinoma: Ureteroscopic biopsy and specimen preparation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this