Urologic diseases in the emergency department

Yusuke Tominaga, Satoshi Katayama, Eiichi Ando, Tadasu Takenaka, Katsuyoshi Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


(Objectives) This paper aimed to report the clinical statistics on urologic diseases treated in the emergency department (ED). (Patients and methods) We retrospectively evaluated 1,480 patients diagnosed with urologic diseases in the ED between January 2013 and December 2014. We reviewed the patients' sex, age, main complaints, emergency grade, care-seeking process, hospitalization, examination items, and diagnosis. We also reviewed the correct-diagnosis rates of patients who visited the ED for the first time and were followed up at the urology department. (Results) Of the patients, 2.6% were diagnosed as having a urologic disease, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5:1. The age distribution ranged from 0 to 101 years, with a median age of 53 years. Patients who required hospitalization accounted for 17.8%. The diagnoses were urolithiasis (546 cases), cystitis (220 cases), and pyelonephritis (137 cases), in order of frequency. The correct-diagnosis rates of urolithiasis (91.2%), benign prostatic hyperplasia (75.0%), and pyelonephritis (71.9%) were high. However, those of testicular torsion (0%), urologic neoplasm (26.7%), prostatitis (35.7%), and epididymitis (35.7%) were low. (Conclusion) In the ED, 82.2% of cases of urologic diseases were mild and did not require hospitalization. The correct-diagnosis rate of acute scrotum was low, as it was difficult to diagnose and thus difficult to manage in the ED. Therefore, urologists should cooperate with ED staff and warn them that cases of acute scrotum should be subjected to emergency consultation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-244
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Urology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical statistics
  • Emergency room
  • Urologic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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