Valence bond liquid phase in the honeycomb lattice material Li 2 Ru O 3

Simon A.J. Kimber, I. I. Mazin, Juan Shen, Harald O. Jeschke, Sergey V. Streltsov, Dimitri N. Argyriou, Roser Valentí, Daniel I. Khomskii

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91 Citations (Scopus)


The honeycomb lattice material Li2RuO3 undergoes a dimerization of Ru4+ cations on cooling below 270â̂̃C, where the magnetic susceptibility vanishes. We use density functional theory calculations to show that this reflects the formation of a valence bond crystal, with a strong structural bond disproportionation. On warming, x-ray diffraction shows that discrete threefold symmetry is regained on average, and the dimerization apparently disappears. In contrast, local structural measurements using high-energy x rays show that disordered dimers survive at the nanoscale up to at least 650 â̂̃C. The high-temperature phase of Li2RuO3 is thus an example of a valence bond liquid, where thermal fluctuations drive resonance between different dimer coverages, a classic analog of the resonating valence bond state often discussed in connection with high-Tc cuprates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number081408
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Feb 27 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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