YES1 activation induces acquired resistance to neratinib in HER2-amplified breast and lung cancers

Tatsuaki Takeda, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Ken Suzawa, Shuta Tomida, Shunsaku Miyauchi, Kota Araki, Kentaro Nakata, Akihiro Miura, Kei Namba, Kazuhiko Shien, Junichi Sou, Tadahiko Shien, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Shinichi Toyooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Molecular-targeted therapies directed against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) are evolving for various cancers. Neratinib is an irreversible pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor and has been approved by the FDA as an effective drug for HER2-positive breast cancer. However, acquired resistance of various cancers to molecular-targeted drugs is an issue of clinical concern, and emergence of resistance to neratinib is also considered inevitable. In this study, we established various types of neratinib-resistant cell lines from HER2-amplified breast and lung cancer cell lines using several drug exposure conditions. We analyzed the mechanisms of emergence of the resistance in these cell lines and explored effective strategies to overcome the resistance. Our results revealed that amplification of YES1, which is a member of the SRC family, was amplified in two neratinib-resistant breast cancer cell lines and one lung cancer cell line. Knockdown of YES1 by siRNA and pharmacological inhibition of YES1 by dasatinib restored the sensitivity of the YES1-amplified cell lines to neratinib in vitro. Combined treatment with dasatinib and neratinib inhibited tumor growth in vivo. This combination also induced downregulation of signaling molecules such as HER2, AKT and MAPK. Our current results indicate that YES1 plays an important role in the emergence of resistance to HER2-targeted drugs, and that dasatinib enables such acquired resistance to neratinib to be overcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)849-856
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020


  • YES1
  • breast cancer
  • drug resistance
  • lung cancer
  • neratinib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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