Background: Repolarization abnormality, especially during bradycardia, might be critical for initiation of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS), but the contribution of the rate-dependent repolarization dynamics to the occurrence of VF is still unknown. Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the differences in rate-dependent repolarization dynamics between BrS with and without spontaneous VF and between BrS with and without SCN5A mutation. Methods: The subjects were 37 BrS patients with VF (VF(+) group: 10 male subjects) and without VF (VF(-) group: 27 male subjects) and 20 control subjects. Genetic analysis of SCN5A was performed in all 37 BrS patients. The relationships between QT, QTp, Tp-e, and RR intervals were obtained from Holter recordings as first linear regression lines, and the slopes of QT/RR, QTp/RR, and Tp-e/RR linear regression lines as the sensitivity of rate-dependent repolarization dynamics were compared. Results: QT/RR and Tp-e/RR slopes showed loss of a rate-dependent property in the VF(+) group compared with those in the VF(-) and control groups. There was no significant difference in QTp/RR slope among the VF(+), VF(-) and control groups. The Tp-e interval had a negative correlation with the RR interval in the VF(+) group and a positive correlation with the RR interval in the VF(-) and control groups. There was no significant difference in QT/RR, QTp/RR, and Tp-e/RR slopes between BrS patients with SCN5A mutation and those without SCN5A mutation. Conclusions: Loss of rate-dependent QT dynamics may be associated with occurrence of VF in BrS.
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