Analysis of genes involved in nitrate reduction in Clostridium perfringens

Katsuyo Fujinaga, Yuki Taniguchi, Yezhou Sun, Seiichi Katayama, Junzaburo Minami, Osamu Matsushita, Akinobu Okabe


14 被引用数 (Scopus)


We have conducted the genetic analysis of fermentative nitrate reduction in Clostridium perfringens, a strict anaerobic bacterium. Nitrate reductase (NarA) was purified from the cytoplasmic fraction of the organism. Using a degenerate primer designed from its N-terminal amino acid sequence, a 9.5 kb fragment containing seven ORFs was cloned. The molecular mass and N-terminal amino acid sequence predicted from the nucleotide sequence of ORF 4 coincided with those determined for the purified NarA, indicating that ORF 4 corresponds to a narA gene. ORFs 5 and 6 encode a 15.4 kDa ferredoxin-like protein containing four iron-sulfur clusters and a 45 kDa protein homologous to NADH oxidase, respectively. Analyses involving primer extension and Northern blotting revealed that these three ORFs are transcribed as a polycistronic message. The ORF 5- and ORF 6-encoded proteins were shown by immunablotting to be synthesized by cells grown in the presence of nitrate. Thus, these two proteins are likely to function as electron-transfer components in nitrate reduction in C. perfringens. The 9.5 kb fragment and a downstream region of 6.1 kb do not contain any genes involved in nitrate uptake or nitrite reduction. Instead, all 5 ORFs downstream of ORF 6 are homologous to genes reported for molybdopterin biosynthesis, unlike the genomic organization already determined for the respiratory and assimilatory nitrate-reduction systems. The evolutionary relationships between these two nitrate-reduction systems and the fermentative one based on the results of comparative genetic analysis are discussed.

出版ステータスPublished - 12月 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 微生物学


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