BMP-2/Β-TCP local delivery for bone regeneration in MRONJ-like mouse model

Akihiro Mikai, Mitsuaki Ono, Ikue Tosa, Ha Thi Thu Nguyen, Emilio Satoshi Hara, Shuji Nosho, Aya Kimura-Ono, Kumiko Nawachi, Takeshi Takarada, Takuo Kuboki, Toshitaka Oohashi


19 被引用数 (Scopus)


Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a severe pathological condition associated mainly with the long-term administration of bone resorption inhibitors, which are known to induce suppression of osteoclast activity and bone remodeling. Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)-2 is known to be a strong inducer of bone remodeling, by directly regulating osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast activity. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of BMP-2 adsorbed onto beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), which is an osteoinductive bioceramic material and allows space retention, on the prevention and treatment of MRONJ in mice. Tooth extraction was performed after 3 weeks of zoledronate (ZA) and cyclophosphamide (CY) administration. For prevention studies, BMP-2/β-TCP was transplanted immediately after tooth extraction, and the mice were administered ZA and CY for an additional 4 weeks. The results showed that while the tooth extraction socket was mainly filled with a sparse tissue in the control group, bone formation was observed at the apex of the tooth extraction socket and was filled with a dense connective tissue rich in cellular components in the BMP-2/β-TCP transplanted group. For treatment studies, BMP-2/β-TCP was transplanted 2 weeks after tooth extraction, and bone formation was followed up for the subsequent 4 weeks under ZA and CY suspension. The results showed that although the tooth extraction socket was mainly filled with soft tissue in the control group, transplantation of BMP-2/β-TCP could significantly accelerate bone formation, as shown by immunohistochemical analysis for osteopontin, and reduce the bone necrosis in tooth extraction sockets. These data suggest that the combination of BMP-2/β-TCP could become a suitable therapy for the management of MRONJ.

ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
出版ステータスPublished - 10月 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学


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