Poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA) microspheres with narrow diameter distribution were prepared by dispersion polymerization of D,L-lactide in xylene/ heptane (1:2, v/v) using poly(dodecyl methacrylate)-g-poly(D,L-lactide) (PDMA-g-PDLLA) as a dispersion stabilizer. The particle diameters of PDLLA microspheres were controlled from 200 nm to 5 μm by altering the concentration and the graft chain number of PDMA-g-PDLLA. The effect of the copolymer composition on the particle diameter was investigated to clarify an important factor of the copolymer structure for the control of the particle diameter. As a result, it was necessary for anchor block in diblock copolymer as a dispersion stabilizer to have low solubility in the solution rather than the compatibility with particles. Moreover, we confirmed by dynamic light scattering measurement that PDMA-g-PDLLA formed micelles in the solution. In conclusion, it was clarified that PDLLA microspheres with a wide range of particle diameter were prepared due to the different kinetic stability of micelles.
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