Dynamic modulation of epileptic high frequency oscillations by the phase of slower cortical rhythms

George M. Ibrahim, Simeon M. Wong, Ryan A. Anderson, Gabrielle Singh-Cadieux, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Ayako Ochi, Hiroshi Otsubo, Tohru Okanishi, Taufik A. Valiante, Elizabeth Donner, James T. Rutka, O. Carter Snead, Sam M. Doesburg

研究成果査読

62 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Pathological high frequency oscillations (pHFOs) have been proposed to be robust markers of epileptic cortex. Oscillatory activity below this frequency range has been shown to be modulated by phase of lower frequency oscillations. Here, we tested the hypothesis that dynamic cross-frequency interactions involving pHFOs are concentrated within the epileptogenic cortex. Intracranial electroencephalographic recordings from 17 children with medically-intractable epilepsy secondary to focal cortical dysplasia were obtained. A time-resolved analysis was performed to determine topographic concentrations and dynamic changes in cross-frequency amplitude-to-phase coupling (CFC). CFC between pHFOs and the phase of theta and alpha rhythms was found to be significantly elevated in the seizure-onset zone compared to non-epileptic regions (p. <. 0.01). Data simulations showed that elevated CFC could not be attributed to the presence of sharp transients or other signal properties. The phase of low frequency oscillations at which pHFO amplitudes were maximal was inconsistent at seizure initiation, yet consistently at the trough of the low frequency rhythm at seizure termination. Amplitudes of pHFOs were most significantly modulated by the phase of alpha-band oscillations (p. <. 0.01). These results suggest that increased CFC between pHFO amplitude and alpha phase may constitute a marker of epileptogenic brain areas and may be relevant for understanding seizure dynamics.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)30-38
ページ数9
ジャーナルExperimental Neurology
251
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1月 2014
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経学
  • 発達神経科学

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