A sensitive double antibody and heterologous enzyme immunoassay for mabuterol was established. For competitive reactions, antibody raised against diazotized mabuterol-human serum albumin was incubated with a mixture of diazotized mabuterol analog (RC-1) labeled with (°-D-galactosidase and standard or sample. Free and antibody-bound enzyme hapten were separated using anti-rabbit IgG immobilized on polystyrene balls. Activity of the enzyme on the solid phase was fluorometrically determined. The present immunoassay allows detection of 0.5 to 100 pg/tube of mabuterol. Pharmacokinetic behavior of this agent in human plasma and urine was studied after a single oral administration (50 μg). The maximum level was achieved after 2–3 hrs with approximately 280 pg mabuterol /m1 of plasma and the half life of mabuterol was estimated to be 19.5 hrs. Cumulative amount of mabuterol in the first 72 hrs urine was 64.3 ± 13.2% of the administered dose.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Immunoassay|
|出版ステータス||Published - 9月 1 1985|
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