Evolution of pathogenicity controlled by small, dispensable chromosomes in Alternaria alternata pathogens

Takashi Tsuge, Yoshiaki Harimoto, Kosuke Hanada, Yasunori Akagi, Motoichiro Kodama, Kazuya Akimitsu, Mikihiro Yamamoto

研究成果査読

25 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Alternaria alternata includes seven pathogenic variants, called pathotypes, which produce host-selective toxins (HSTs) as determinant factors for pathogenicity. The gene clusters for HST biosynthesis were identified from six pathotypes (Japanese pear, strawberry, tangerine, apple, tomato and rough lemon) and were found to reside on small chromosomes of <2.0 Mb in most strains tested. We isolated mutants lacking the small chromosomes from the strawberry, apple and tomato pathotypes and showed that the small chromosomes are dispensable for growth. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the evolution of pathogenicity controlled by small, dispensable chromosomes in Alternaria alternata pathogens.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)27-31
ページ数5
ジャーナルPhysiological and Molecular Plant Pathology
95
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 7月 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 遺伝学
  • 植物科学

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