The coexistence of ferroelectricity and magnetic order in epitaxial hexagonal YbFeO3 (h-YbFeO3) thin films deposited on yttria stabilized zirconia substrates is examined using an impedance analyzer, a second harmonic generation (SHG) microscope, an X-ray diffractometer, a transmission electron microscope and a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer. The results show that h-YbFeO3 films exhibit ferroelectricity below 350K with threefold translational periodicity along the  direction similar to rare earth manganese oxides, and ferrimagnetism with a four-up and two-down spin configuration of Fe+3 and Yb+3 ions along the c-axis at low temperatures. In addition, a possibility of new ferroelectric phases with an electronic origin induced by the magnetic ordering is discussed based upon SHG and D-E hysteresis measurements.
|ジャーナル||journal of the physical society of japan|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2月 2012|
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