Involvement of SA channels in orienting response of cultured endothelial cells to cyclic stretch

Keiji Naruse, Takako Yamada, Masahiro Sokabe


77 被引用数 (Scopus)


The present work was designed to elucidate the involvement of Ca2+-permeable stretch-activated (SA) channels in the orienting response of endothelial cells to uniaxial cyclic stretch. Endothelial cells from human umbilical vein were cultured on an elastic silicone membrane and subjected to uniaxial cyclic stretch (120% in length, 1 Hz). The cells started to change their morphology 15 min after the onset of stretch, and >90% of the cells oriented perpendicularly to the stretch axis after 2 h. Associated with the orienting response, cell elongation proceeded with a slower rate. Both of the orientating and elongating responses were largely inhibited by the removal of external Ca2+ or by Gd3+, a potent blocker for the SA channel, but not by nifedipine. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) transiently increased in response to uniaxial stretch, and the basal [Ca2+]i gradually increased during cyclic stretch. This Ca2+ response was inhibited by the removal of extracellular Ca2+ or by the addition of Gd3+. These results suggest that stretch-dependent Ca2+ influx through SA channels is essential in the stretch-dependent cell orientation and elongation.

ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
出版ステータスPublished - 5月 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生理学
  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 生理学(医学)


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