We report on a 14-year 5-month-old male who had attacks similar to those of paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis. The attacks were elicited exclusively by sudden movements. On several occasions, these attacks were immediately followed by loss of consciousness or a seizure. Ictal electroencephalograms of his attacks without loss of consciousness or a seizure indicated 1.5-3.0 Hz activity in the left hemisphere. A small dosage of carbamazepine was remarkably effective in stopping the attacks. This case demonstrates that a thorough ictal electroencephalographic examination is indispensable for clarifying the pathophysiology of kinesigenic attacks. The relationship between paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis and supplementary motor area seizures is also discussed.
|出版ステータス||Published - 11月 1 2004|
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