Knockdown of nuclear Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase causes developmental abnormalities in zebrafish

Takaki Nimura, Noriyuki Sueyoshi, Atsuhiko Ishida, Yukihiro Yoshimura, Makoto Ito, Hiroshi Tokumitsu, Yasushi Shigeri, Naohito Nozaki, Isamu Kameshita


18 被引用数 (Scopus)


Nuclear Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase phosphatase (CaMKP-N) is an enzyme that dephosphorylates and concomitantly downregulates multifunctional Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases (CaMKs) in vitro. However, the functional roles of this enzyme in vivo are not well understood. To investigate the biological significance of CaMKP-N during zebrafish embryogenesis, we cloned and characterized zebrafish CaMKP-N (zCaMKP-N). Based on the nucleotide sequences in the zebrafish whole genome shotgun database, we isolated a cDNA clone for zCaMKP-N, which encoded a protein of 633 amino acid residues. Transiently expressed full-length zCaMKP-N in mouse neuroblastoma, Neuro2a cells, was found to be localized in the nucleus. In contrast, the C-terminal truncated mutant lacking RKKRRLDVLPLRR (residues 575-587) had cytoplasmic staining, suggesting that the nuclear localization signal of zCaMKP-N exists in the C-terminal region. Ionomycin treatment of CaMKIV-transfected Neuro2a cells resulted in a marked increase in the phosphorylated form of CaMKIV. However, cotransfection with zCaMKP-N significantly decreased phospho-CaMKIV in ionomycin-stimulated cells. Whole mount in situ hybridization analysis of zebrafish embryos showed that zCaMKP-N is exclusively expressed in the head and neural tube regions. Gene knockdown of zCaMKP-N using morpholino-based antisense oligonucleotides induced significant morphological abnormalities in zebrafish embryos. A number of apoptotic cells were observed in brain and spinal cord of the abnormal embryos. These results suggest that zCaMKP-N plays a crucial role in the early development of zebrafish.

ジャーナルArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
出版ステータスPublished - 1月 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学


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