Novel function of Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway


1 被引用数 (Scopus)


Background Porphyromonas gingivalis is s major oral bacterium closely associated with periodontal diseases including periodontitis and directly affects host cellular signaling. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway plays multiple roles in various cell functions including cell survival and glucose metabolism. In this review, we describe the effect of gingipains on the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in P. gingivalis infection. Highlight Gingipains inactivate PI3K and Akt in gingival epithelial cells infected with P. gingivalis. These events occur independently of invasion of this organism into the cells and are required for the enzymatic activity of gingipains. Furthermore, 3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) failed to translocate to the plasma membrane from the cytosol following PI3K inactivation. Additionally, dephosphorylation of Akt downstream proteins, including glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and Bad, occurs in parallel with the dysregulation of PI3K/PDK1/Akt cascades. Conclusion This review describes the biological characterization of gingipains, which inactivate PI3K and Akt, and disorder the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Hence, gingipains may decrease cellular physiological functions, eventually disrupting the gingival epithelium and causing development of periodontal diseases.

ジャーナルjournal of oral biosciences
出版ステータスPublished - 8月 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 医学(その他)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 歯科学(全般)


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