Inducible resistance to the macrolide, lincosamide, and streptogramin B (iMLSB) antibiotic family is a latent mechanism for antimicrobial resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. We here investigated the frequency and genotypic profiles of iMLSB resistance in clindamycin (CLDM)-susceptible S. aureus isolated in Okayama University Hospital from June 2020 to June 2021. We phenotypically screened the iMLSB resistance via D-zone test and performed PCR testing for the erythromycin ribosomal methylase (erm) genes: ermA and ermC. Among 432 CLDM-susceptible S. aureus isolates, 138 (31.9%) exhibited an iMLSB-resistance phenotype, with methicillinresistant S. aureus isolates (MRSA; 61 isolates: 58.6%) exhibiting higher positivity than methicillin-sensitive S. aureus isolates (MSSA; 77 isolates: 23.5%) (p<0.001). Male patients had a higher frequency of iMLSB resistance than females (OR [95%CI]: 1.8 [1.2-2.8]; p=0.007). Genotypically, ermA predominated in both MSSA (70.1%) and MRSA (86.9%) compared to ermC (14.3% in MSSA and 11.5% in MRSA). A single strain of MRSA possessed both ermA and ermC, while 12 (15.6%) MSSA isolates were negative for both ermA and ermC, suggesting the presence of other genetic mechanisms. Collectively, these results show that approximately 33% of CLDM-susceptible S. aureus isolates at our university hospital exhibited iMLSB resistance, predominantly caused by ermA in both MSSA and MRSA.
|ジャーナル||Acta medica Okayama|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2月 1 2023|
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