Scale and scope economies of Japanese private universities revisited with an input distance function approach

Jiro Nemoto, Noriko Furumatsu

研究成果査読

21 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper examines the scale and scope economies of higher education institutions in Japan assuming the presence of productive inefficiency. The standard approach to testing the scope economies is to apply the cost function. However, the cost function approach often entails the difficulty of obtaining reliable data on input prices, especially the input prices of capital for higher education institutions. This paper proposes a duality approach based on the input distance function. The scope economies are tested under a necessary and sufficient condition by retrieving the costs of joint and separate production from the input distance function. We apply the testing procedure to data pertaining to 218 Japanese private universities in 1999 and 2004. The results indicate the scale economies and the scope diseconomies.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)213-226
ページ数14
ジャーナルJournal of Productivity Analysis
41
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 4月 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ビジネスおよび国際経営
  • 社会科学(その他)
  • 経済学、計量経済学

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