The role of presenilin cofactors in the γ-secratase complex

Nobumasa Takasugi, Taisuke Tomita, Ikuo Hayashi, Makiko Tsuruoka, Manabu Niimura, Yasuko Takahashi, Gopal Thinakaran, Takeshi Iwatsubo


812 被引用数 (Scopus)


Mutations in presenilin genes account for the majority of the cases of the familial form of Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Presenilin is essential for γ-secretase activity, a proteolytic activity involved in intramembrane cleavage of Notch and β-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP). Cleavage of βAPP by FAD mutant presenilin results in the overproduction of highly amyloidogenic amyloid β42 peptides. γ-Secretase activity requires the formation of a stable, high-molecular-mass protein complex that, in addition to the endoproteolysed fragmented form of presenilin, contains essential cofactors including nicastrin, APH-1 (refs 15-18) and PEN-2 (refs 16, 19). However, the role of each protein in complex formation and the generation of enzymatic activity is unclear. Here we show that Drosophila APH-1 (Aph-1) increases the stability of Drosophila presenilin (Psn) holoprotein in the complex. Depletion of PEN-2 by RNA interference prevents endoproteolysis of presenilin and promotes stabilization of the holoprotein in both Drosophila and mammalian cells, including primary neurons. Co-expression of Drosophila Pen-2 with Aph-1 and nicastrin increases the formation of Psn fragments as well as γ-secretase activity. Thus, APH-1 stabilizes the presenilin holoprotein in the complex, whereas PEN-2 is required for endoproteolytic processing of presenilin and conferring γ-secretase activity to the complex.

出版ステータスPublished - 3月 27 2003

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