TY - JOUR

T1 - Vertically localised equilibrium solutions in large-eddy simulations of homogeneous shearÂ flow

AU - Sekimoto, Atsushi

AU - Jiménez, Javier

N1 - Funding Information:
This research has been funded by the European Research Council grants ERC-2010.AdG-20100224 and ERC-2014.AdG-669505.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2017/9/25

Y1 - 2017/9/25

N2 - Unstable equilibrium solutions in a homogeneous shear flow with sinuous (streamwise-shift-reflection and spanwise-shift-rotation) symmetry are numerically found in large-eddy simulations (LES) with no kinetic viscosity. The small-scale properties are determined by the mixing length scale used to define eddy viscosity, and the large-scale motion is induced by the mean shear at the integral scale, which is limited by the spanwise box dimension . The fraction , which plays the role of a Reynolds number, is used as a numerical continuation parameter. It is shown that equilibrium solutions appear by a saddle-node bifurcation as increases, and that the flow structures resemble those in plane Couette flow with the same sinuous symmetry. The vortical structures of both lower- and upper-branch solutions become spontaneously localised in the vertical direction. The lower-branch solution is an edge state at low , and takes the form of a thin critical layer as increases, as in the asymptotic theory of generic shear flow at high Reynolds numbers. On the other hand, the upper-branch solutions are characterised by a tall velocity streak with multiscale multiple vortical structures. At the higher end of , an incipient multiscale structure is found. The LES turbulence occasionally visits vertically localised states whose vortical structure resembles the present vertically localised LES equilibria.

AB - Unstable equilibrium solutions in a homogeneous shear flow with sinuous (streamwise-shift-reflection and spanwise-shift-rotation) symmetry are numerically found in large-eddy simulations (LES) with no kinetic viscosity. The small-scale properties are determined by the mixing length scale used to define eddy viscosity, and the large-scale motion is induced by the mean shear at the integral scale, which is limited by the spanwise box dimension . The fraction , which plays the role of a Reynolds number, is used as a numerical continuation parameter. It is shown that equilibrium solutions appear by a saddle-node bifurcation as increases, and that the flow structures resemble those in plane Couette flow with the same sinuous symmetry. The vortical structures of both lower- and upper-branch solutions become spontaneously localised in the vertical direction. The lower-branch solution is an edge state at low , and takes the form of a thin critical layer as increases, as in the asymptotic theory of generic shear flow at high Reynolds numbers. On the other hand, the upper-branch solutions are characterised by a tall velocity streak with multiscale multiple vortical structures. At the higher end of , an incipient multiscale structure is found. The LES turbulence occasionally visits vertically localised states whose vortical structure resembles the present vertically localised LES equilibria.

KW - homogeneous turbulence

KW - nonlinear dynamical systems

KW - turbulent flows

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U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2017.450

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2017.450

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85029479924

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 827

SP - 225

EP - 249

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

ER -